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Epidermolysis Bullosa

Abstract

You are reading a NORD Rare Disease Report Abstract. NORD’s full collection of reports on over 1200 rare diseases is available to subscribers (click here for details). We are now also offering two full rare disease reports per day to visitors on our Web site.

NORD is very grateful to Anne W. Lucky, MD, Children's Hospital of Cincinnati, Brett Koplen, Executive Director, DebRA of America, Inc., and Geraldine Kelly-Mancuso, RN, DEBRA Nurse Educator, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, for assistance in the preparation of this report.

Synonyms of Epidermolysis Bullosa

  • EB

Disorder Subdivisions

  • dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa
  • epidermolysis bullosa simplex
  • junctional epidermolysis bullosa
  • Kindler syndrome

General Discussion

Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a genetic skin disorder characterized clinically by blister formation from mechanical trauma. There are four main types with additional sub-types identified. There is a spectrum of severity, and within each type, one may be either mildly or severely affected. EB ranges from being a minor inconvenience requiring modification of some activities, to being completely disabling and, in some cases, fatal.

Friction causes blister formation. Blisters can form anywhere on the surface of the skin, within the oral cavity and in more severe forms may also involve the external surface of the eye, as well as the respiratory, gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts. In some forms of the disease, disfiguring scars and disabling musculoskeletal deformities occur.

Currently, there is no cure for EB. Supportive care includes daily wound care, bandaging, and pain management as needed.

Organizations related to Epidermolysis Bullosa

NORD offers an online community for this rare disease. RareConnect was created by EURORDIS (European Rare Disease Organisation) and NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders) to provide a safe space where individuals and families affected by rare diseases can connect with each other, share vital experiences, and find helpful information and resources. You can view these international, rare disease communities at www.rareconnect.org.

The information in NORD’s Rare Disease Database is for educational purposes only. It should never be used for diagnostic or treatment purposes. If you have questions regarding a medical condition, always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health professional. NORD’s reports provide a brief overview of rare diseases. For more specific information, we encourage you to contact your personal physician or the agencies listed as “Resources” on this report.

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