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Tularemia

Abstract

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NORD is very grateful to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, for assistance in the preparation of this report.

Synonyms of Tularemia

  • deerfly fever
  • rabbit fever

Disorder Subdivisions

  • No subdivisions found.

General Discussion

Tularemia is a rare but highly infectious disease that resides in small mammals such as rodents and rabbits, and arthropods, such as ticks. The disease is caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis. Tularemia is most often transmitted to humans by tick or biting fly bite, handling of an infected animal, or inhalation or ingestion of the bacterium. People have not been known to transmit the infection to others. The severity of tularemia varies greatly. Some cases are mild and self-limiting; others may have serious complications, and a small percentage (about 2 percent) are fatal.

Tularemia Resources

Organizations:

The information in NORD’s Rare Disease Database is for educational purposes only. It should never be used for diagnostic or treatment purposes. If you have questions regarding a medical condition, always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health professional. NORD’s reports provide a brief overview of rare diseases. For more specific information, we encourage you to contact your personal physician or the agencies listed as “Resources” on this report.

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