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Idiopathic Neonatal Hepatitis

Abstract

You are reading a NORD Rare Disease Report Abstract. NORD’s full collection of reports on over 1200 rare diseases is available to subscribers (click here for details). We are now also offering two full rare disease reports per day to visitors on our Web site.

NORD is very grateful to William F. Balistreri, MD, Director, Pediatric Liver Care Center, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, for assistance in the preparation of this report.

Synonyms of Idiopathic Neonatal Hepatitis

  • idiopathic neonatal hepatitis syndrome
  • INH
  • neonatal giant cell hepatitis

Disorder Subdivisions

  • No subdivisions found.

General Discussion

"Neonatal hepatitis" is a general term used to denote injury to the liver that occurs shortly after birth. Neonatal hepatitis may be caused by viruses, metabolic disease or genetic disorders, as well as other rare diseases that affect or impair the function of the liver. In some children, the cause of liver injury is unknown - these cases are referred to as idiopathic neonatal hepatitis (INH). The symptoms of idiopathic neonatal hepatitis may vary greatly from one individual to another. Symptoms common to liver disease often occur including yellowing of the whites of the eyes and the skin (jaundice), enlargement of the liver (hepatomegaly) and unusually dark urine. Most individuals with idiopathic neonatal hepatitis fully recover from the condition; however, some will progress to chronic liver disease.

Organizations related to Idiopathic Neonatal Hepatitis

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