Charcot Marie Tooth Disease
You are reading a NORD Rare Disease Report Abstract. NORD’s full collection of reports on over 1200 rare diseases is available to subscribers (click here for details). We are now also offering two full rare disease reports per day to visitors on our Web site.
NORD is very grateful to Steven Scherer, MD, PhD, Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania and Mustafa Saifi, PhD, Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, for assistance in the preparation of this report.
Synonyms of Charcot Marie Tooth Disease
- hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy
- peroneal muscular atrophy
- No subdivisions found.
Charcot Marie Tooth disease is a group of disorders in which the motor and/or sensory peripheral nerves are affected, resulting in muscle weakness and atrophy, as well as sensory loss. These manifestions occur first in the distal legs and later in the hands. The nerve cells in individuals with this disorder are not able to send electrical signals properly because of abnormalities in the nerve axon or abnormalities in the insulation (myelin) around the axon. Specific gene mutations are responsible for the abnormal function of the peripheral nerves. Charcot Marie Tooth disease can be inherited in an autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive or X-linked mode of inheritance.
Organizations related to Charcot Marie Tooth Disease
The information in NORD’s Rare Disease Database is for educational purposes only. It should never be used for diagnostic or treatment purposes. If you have questions regarding a medical condition, always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health professional. NORD’s reports provide a brief overview of rare diseases. For more specific information, we encourage you to contact your personal physician or the agencies listed as “Resources” on this report.
The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) web site, its databases, and the contents thereof are copyrighted by NORD. No part of the NORD web site, databases, or the contents may be copied in any way, including but not limited to the following: electronically downloading, storing in a retrieval system, or redistributing for any commercial purposes without the express written permission of NORD. Permission is hereby granted to print one hard copy of the information on an individual disease for your personal use, provided that such content is in no way modified, and the credit for the source (NORD) and NORD’s copyright notice are included on the printed copy. Any other electronic reproduction or other printed versions is strictly prohibited.
Copyright 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2004, 2009
NORD's Rare Disease Information Database is copyrighted and may not be published without the written consent of NORD.