Tricho Dento Osseous Syndrome
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Synonyms of Tricho Dento Osseous Syndrome
- TDO Syndrome
Tricho-dento-osseous (TDO) syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder that belongs to a group of diseases known as ectodermal dysplasias. Ectodermal dysplasias typically affect the hair, teeth, nails, and/or skin. TDO syndrome is characterized by kinky or curly hair; poorly developed tooth enamel; and unusual thickness and/or denseness (sclerosis) of the top portion of the skull (calvaria) and/or the long bones (i.e., bones in the arms and legs). In some cases, affected individuals also exhibit abnormally thin, brittle nails or premature closure (fusion) of the fibrous joints between certain bones in the skull (craniosynostosis), causing the head to appear abnormally long and narrow (dolicocephaly).
There may be three distinct types of TDO syndrome. Some researchers suggest that these variants may be differentiated mainly by whether the calvaria and/or long bones exhibit abnormal hardening (sclerosis), thickening, and/or density. Other symptoms also vary among the three disorder types.
Organizations related to Tricho Dento Osseous Syndrome
(Please note that some of these organizations may provide information concerning certain conditions potentially associated with this disorder [e.g., dental abnormalities, craniofacial malformations, etc.].)
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