Dentin Dysplasia Type II
You are reading a NORD Rare Disease Report Abstract. NORD’s full collection of reports on over 1200 rare diseases is available to subscribers (click here for details). We are now also offering two full rare disease reports per day to visitors on our Web site.
NORD is very grateful to James P. Simmer, DDS, PhD, Professor, Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, for assistance in the preparation of this report.
Synonyms of Dentin Dysplasia Type II
- coronal dentin dysplasia
- No subdivisions found.
Dentin dysplasia type II, also known as coronal dentin dysplasia, is a rare genetic disorder that affects the teeth. It is characterized by abnormal development (dysplasia) of dentin. Dentin is the hard tissue found beneath the enamel that surrounds and protects the pulp and forms the major part of teeth. Affected children may exhibit brownish-blue discoloration of baby teeth (primary or deciduous teeth) and obliteration of the pulp chambers. Permanent teeth are usually unaffected or only mildly affected. Dentin dysplasia type II only affects the teeth. The disorder is caused by mutations of the DSPP gene.
Dentin dysplasia type II belongs to a group of disorders known as the hereditary dentin disorders. In 1973, a physician and his colleagues defined five disorders characterized by inherited dentin defects (Shields classification). Many physicians have noted that the Shields classification is out of date. As new research reveals genetic mutations and better defines these disorders, a new classification system will be warranted. Unfortunately, the current understanding of these disorders is insufficient to allow the creation of this updated classification.
Organizations related to Dentin Dysplasia Type II
The information in NORD’s Rare Disease Database is for educational purposes only. It should never be used for diagnostic or treatment purposes. If you have questions regarding a medical condition, always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health professional. NORD’s reports provide a brief overview of rare diseases. For more specific information, we encourage you to contact your personal physician or the agencies listed as “Resources” on this report.
The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) web site, its databases, and the contents thereof are copyrighted by NORD. No part of the NORD web site, databases, or the contents may be copied in any way, including but not limited to the following: electronically downloading, storing in a retrieval system, or redistributing for any commercial purposes without the express written permission of NORD. Permission is hereby granted to print one hard copy of the information on an individual disease for your personal use, provided that such content is in no way modified, and the credit for the source (NORD) and NORD’s copyright notice are included on the printed copy. Any other electronic reproduction or other printed versions is strictly prohibited.
Copyright 1988, 1989, 2001, 2011, 2014
NORD's Rare Disease Information Database is copyrighted and may not be published without the written consent of NORD.