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NORD is very grateful to Benjamin J. Silk, PhD, MPH, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Public Health Service and Barbara Mahon, MD, MPH, Deputy Chief, Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, for assistance in the preparation of this report.
Synonyms of Listeriosis
- listeria infection
- granulomatosis infantiseptica
- listeriosis of pregnancy
- neonatal listeriosis
Listeriosis is a rare but serious infectious disease caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes, which is predominantly transmitted to humans through the consumption of contaminated food. Clinical syndromes associated with listeriosis include febrile gastroenteritis, invasive disease (sepsis, meningitis, meningoencephalitis), and fetal infections causing spontaneous abortions, stillbirth, premature labor, and neonatal disease. Approximately 20% of listeriosis cases are fatal. Listeriosis most often affects unborn fetuses, newborn infants, older adults, and individuals with weakened immune systems. Prompt recognition and treatment of the disease is necessary to avoid several serious complications.
Please note that some of these organizations may provide information concerning certain conditions potentially associated with this disorder.
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