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Sydenham Chorea

Abstract

You are reading a NORD Rare Disease Report Abstract. NORD’s full collection of reports on over 1200 rare diseases is available to subscribers (click here for details). We are now also offering two full rare disease reports per day to visitors on our Web site.

NORD is very grateful to Michael S. Okun, MD, Co-director of the University of Florida Movement Disorders Center; National Medical Director of the National Parkinson Foundation, for assistance in the preparation of this report.

Synonyms of Sydenham Chorea

  • chorea minor
  • rheumatic chorea
  • St. Vitus dance
  • Sydenham disease

Disorder Subdivisions

  • No subdivisions found.

General Discussion

Sydenham chorea is a rare neurological disorder characterized by rapid, involuntary, purposeless movements, especially of the face, feet and hands. Additional symptoms may include muscle weakness and emotional or behavioral problems. Sydenham chorea most often affects children and adolescents. Sydenham chorea usually develops following Streptococcal infection and may occur as an isolated finding or as a major complication of acute rheumatic fever. The movement disorder is considered an autoimmune disorder, meaning it occurs when the body's immune system (which normally responds to a foreign substance) mistakenly attacks healthy tissue.

Sydenham Chorea Resources

Organizations:

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