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Brown Séquard Syndrome

Abstract

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Synonyms of Brown Séquard Syndrome

  • BSS
  • Hemiparaplegic Syndrome
  • Hemisection of the Spinal Cord
  • Partial Spinal Sensory Syndrome
  • Spastic Spinal Monoplegia Syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • No subdivisions found.

General Discussion

Brown-Séquard syndrome is a rare spinal disorder that results from an injury to one side of the spinal cord in which the spinal cord is damaged but is not severed completely. It is usually caused by an injury to the spine in the region of the neck or back. In many cases, affected individuals have received some type of puncture wound in the neck or in the back that damages the spine and causes symptoms to appear.

Characteristically, the affected person loses the sense of touch, vibrations and/or position in three dimensions below the level of the injury (hemiparalysis or asymmetric paresis). The sensory loss is particularly strong on the same side (ipsilateral) as the injury to the spine. These sensations are accompanied by a loss of the sense of pain and of temperature (hypalgesia) on the side of the body opposite (contralateral) to the side at which the injury was sustained.

Brown Séquard Syndrome Resources

Organizations:

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